Dual-goal management in social enterprises: evidence from China

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In: Management Decision, 57(2019), 6, S. 1362 - 1381
Format: E-Article
Sprache: Englisch
veröffentlicht: Emerald
ISSN: 0025-1747
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finc.format ElectronicArticle
finc.mega_collection Emerald (CrossRef)
finc.id ai-49-aHR0cDovL2R4LmRvaS5vcmcvMTAuMTEwOC9tZC0wMi0yMDE3LTAxNzA
finc.source_id 49
ris.type EJOUR
rft.atitle Dual-goal management in social enterprises: evidence from China
rft.epage 1381
rft.genre article
rft.issn 0025-1747
rft.issue 6
rft.jtitle Management Decision
rft.tpages 20
rft.pages 1362-1381
rft.pub Emerald
rft.date 2019-06-10
x.date 2019-06-10T00:00:00Z
rft.spage 1362
rft.volume 57
abstract <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Purpose</jats:title> <jats:p>Taking China as a research context, the purpose of this paper is to delineate how social and business tensions manifest in Chinese nascent social enterprises and to disentangle the strategies that they adopt to manage the business-social dual goals to achieve organizational viability.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Design/methodology/approach</jats:title> <jats:p>A qualitative multiple-case study is used to collect and analyze data. Empirical data are drawn from in-depth semi-structured interviews with Chinese social entrepreneurs, ethnographic observation of social enterprises as well as secondary sources.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Findings</jats:title> <jats:p>Depending on personal motivations and resource availability, social entrepreneurs’ perceptions toward pursuit of dual goals range from integration to differentiation in the short term, despite consensus on the concurrent development in the long term. The leverage of resources, image management, continuous innovation and need-based services are viable approaches that Chinese social enterprises adopt to manage the dual goals in order to create both social and economic value.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Research limitations/implications</jats:title> <jats:p>This paper reveals understanding of the concrete tensions experienced among Chinese nascent social enterprises in pursuing business and social goals and how they manage to integrate the synergistic aspects of social and business goals to achieve survival and growth. Based primarily on qualitative case study method, the research findings are context specific and may not be ideal for generalization.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Practical implications</jats:title> <jats:p>The authors reveal strategies by which synergistic benefits between dual goals may be achieved. Innovation (e.g. in resource utilization, in service format and content) and differentiation (e.g. in organization positioning) would be beneficial in enhancing the competitiveness of social enterprises. To enhance organizations’ credibility, quality of products and service should be monitored and organizational transparency needs to be enhanced.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Social implications</jats:title> <jats:p>It is suggested that the government specifies legal forms and legitimates interests of social enterprises, formulates preferential policies to stimulate the development of social enterprises, and develops a set of qualification authentication system to regulate this emerging sector.</jats:p> </jats:sec> <jats:sec> <jats:title content-type="abstract-subheading">Originality/value</jats:title> <jats:p>The study examines the manifestation of business and social tensions and presents dual-goal management strategies from a non-western perspective. As an original contribution to the field of social entrepreneurship, the study responds to calls for in-depth analysis of conflicting objectives and tension management in social enterprises.</jats:p> </jats:sec>
authors Yin Juelin
Chen Huan
doi 10.1108/md-02-2017-0170
languages eng
url http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/md-02-2017-0170
version 0.9
x.subjects Management Science and Operations Research
General Business, Management and Accounting
x.type journal-article